Environmental Performance Index 2018 indicate which countries are doing best against the array of environmental pressures that every nation faces. From a policy perspective, greater value derives from drilling down into the data to analyze performance by specific issue, policy category, peer group, and country. Such an analysis can assist in refining policy choices, understanding the determinants of environmental progress, and maximizing the return on governmental investments.
According to this Environmental Performance Index (EPI), which scores countries from 0 to 100 (0 = worst, 100 = better) and which provides, every two years, indicators of how they have evolved to meet established targets for environmental policy.
According to the index published in the 2018 global environmental performance ranking, the African countries included are Seychelles (1st), Morocco (2nd), Tunisia (3rd), Egypt (4th), Equatorial Guinea (5th), Namibia (6th), Algeria (7th), Cabo Verde (8th), Mauritius (9th), and Nigeria (10th) in the top 10 on the africain scale and top 100 on a world scale.
This ranking is based on the observation of 24 indicators grouped into 10 thematic categories covering environmental health and the ecosystem (Health / Environmental, Air Pollution, Water Resources, Biodiversity / Habitat, Natural Resources and Climate Change).
According to the report developed by Yale University and the Columbia Earth Sciences Information Center, in collaboration with the World Economic Forum, the 2018 Index reveals a tension between two fundamental dimensions of sustainable development: health environment, which grows with economic growth and prosperity, and the vitality of ecosystems subject to industrialization and urbanization.
To this end, the report recommends good governance as a necessary factor to balance these two dimensions and to ensure the sustainability of ecosystems. It also highlights the progress made in protecting marine and terrestrial biomes and in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions over the past decade.
Source : Environmental performance index 2018
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